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Prostate Cancer Information

The Extreme Team Highly Recommends the following Reading Material


Click Here to Download Brochure A - Brochure B - Brochure C

Click Here to Download the Below Brochure

We also recommend that you visit the PCCN-Brampton Public Discussion Forum
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A Family Journey

Dan Hennessey's Prostate Cancer Awareness Video

After Diagnosis
Patients open up about living with cancer.

Understanding Cancer:

Videos courtesy of News Canada

Prostate Cancer Facts

Prostate cancer is the most common cancer to afflict Canadian men.

*     During his lifetime, one in six men will be diagnosed with the disease.
*     It is estimated that 26,500 Canadian men will be diagnosed with the disease in his lifetime, 73 Canadian men will be diagnosed with      prostate cancer every day, 4,000 will die of prostate cancer in 2012, 11 Canadian men will die of prostate cancer every day.
*     Over 90% of prostate cancer cases are curable if detected and treated in their earliest stages. Early detection is key.
*     It is a far greater threat for those with a family history of prostate cancer.
*     Men of African or Caribbean descent are at greater risk
*     For more information on prostate cancer, visit prostatecancer.ca

Early Detection of Prostate Cancer

Prostate Cancer Canada encourages men over the age of 40, as part of their annual checkup, to initiate a conversation with their doctor about early detection of prostate cancer, which may include PSA testing and a Digital Rectal Exam.

Discussion About PSA Testing

The PSA test is a simple blood test that measures PSA levels in the blood. PSA levels rise when the size of the prostate, or the number of prostate cells, increase. It is important to note that the PSA test cannot diagnose prostate cancer or tell you what type of cancer may or may not be present.

Although further testing and medical procedures such as blood tests may cause anxiety among some men, research has shown that a rapid rise in PSA levels may be a very strong sign of aggressive prostate cancer. Regular testing may result in early detection of the disease, at a stage when there are more options for treatment and a better chance of survival.

When deciding on whether to take the test, you should talk to your doctor and consider all aspects of the testing process.

What is a PSA Number?

A PSA number shows the amount of prostate specific antigen (in nanograms) per millilitre of blood. Research has shown that normal PSA numbers vary by age and race so it is important to take these factors into account when looking at your PSA number. For example, because PSA levels rise naturally with age, a normal PSA number at age 40 is different from a normal PSA number at age 70.

Other PSA Measurements

There are other measurements that can be taken with the PSA blood test in order to improve its accuracy as an indicator of prostate cancer.

PSA doubling time: The time it takes for your PSA number to double. PSA doubling time can give an idea about whether you have cancer and whether this cancer is likely to be aggressive or to have spread.

Percentage or “ratio” of free to total PSA: A ratio comparing the amount of free PSA to the total amount of PSA in the blood. Free PSA travels alone in the blood; it is not bound to any other blood proteins. Free PSA comes from benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), not prostate cancer. The higher the percentage of free PSA, the less likely it is that prostate cancer is present. Readings of greater than 25 percent free PSA indicate that much of the elevated PSA is caused by BPH. A reading of less than 10 percent suggests that you are more likely to have prostate cancer.

PSA density: A ratio comparing the size of your prostate with your PSA number. Usually, a PSA density under 0.07 is considered normal. A high PSA density means there is more PSA being produced by a relatively small prostate and thus cancer is more likely. Your urologist often will use this information to decide whether to go ahead with a biopsy or not.


Please feel free to download for future reference

Prostate Cancer Facts

PC Signals & Symptoms

PSA Test Information

To learn more about the symptoms, tests, treatments, and side-effects of prostate cancer, please visit this page 





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